Law of Mongolia on Combating Trafficking In Persons – Chapter 1

Thank you very much to Amarjargal Davjayev from the Center for Human Rights and Development (CHRD) in Mongolia for providing me with these translations.

CHAPTER ONE – GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Purpose of the Law    
1.1. The purpose of the Law is to regulate the relations pertaining to combating and preventing human trafficking, establishing its causes and conditions, ensuring victims’ rights and their protection.

Article 2. Legislation related to combating human trafficking
2.1. Legislation related to combating human trafficking shall consist of the Constitution, the present Law and other legislative acts enacted in conformity with them.
2.2. In case international treaty, to which Mongolia is a party, is inconsistent with the present Law, then provisions of international treaty shall prevail.

Article 3. Definitions of the Law
3.1. The definitions used in this Law shall be understood as follows:
3.1.1. “Human trafficking” or “trafficking in persons” as stipulated in Article 3 of the Protocol To Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children supplementing the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime;
3.1.2. “Victim” as provided for in the Criminal Procedure Code means a person whose rights, freedom and interests are violated due to human trafficking irrespective of whether criminal suit is initiated or victim is established.

Article 4.  Principles of Combating Trafficking in Persons
4.1. The following principles shall be pursued in combating human trafficking:
4.1.1. integrity and comprehensiveness;
4.1.2. respect for victim’s dignity and non-discrimination in any form;
4.1.3. non-liability of victims;
4.1.4. ensurance of victim’s safety and protection of victim’s privacy;
4.1.5. reliance on international cooperation and participation of civil society.

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